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The 1920s Instructions for Building Your Own Light-Up Crystal Ball

Illustration for article titled The 1920s Instructions for Building Your Own Light-Up Crystal Ball

Tech magazines of the 1920s were all about debunking magicians who claimed paranormal powers, conjurers, and other frauds. But they also showed you how these people pulled off their greatest tricks. Like in this November 1925 issue of The Experimenter where you could learn how to make a smoking crystal ball.

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This apparatus didn't utilize any paranormal intervention, but it was impressive nonetheless. In the illustration below readers saw how to make their very own smokey crystal ball to "mystify visitors to your laboratory." All that was needed was some cardboard, a few wires with pushbuttons, a couple of large Christmas light bulbs, some jars, and a handful of tubes. And some chemicals if you wanted smoke.

Illustration for article titled The 1920s Instructions for Building Your Own Light-Up Crystal Ball
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From the November 1925 issue of The Experimenter:

The pedestal is constructed from a cylindrical cardboard box, cut as shown in the detail, and covered with black paper. It is then decorated by pasting Chinese characters cut from gold paper upon the black background. The cylinder is mounted on a hardwood disc, which serves to strengthen the pedestal and to prevent its tipping over.

Several variously colored lamps (those used for Christmas tree decoration are best) are mounted inside the pedestal, so that their light is thrown up through the crystal. A green lamp will produce a very spooky effect, while one of an orange color, when flashed quickly, gives one the impression of a flash of flame within the crystal. The wires from the lamps are run down through the base and are led to a concealed battery of push buttons. They may be supplied from a toy transformer or by a storage battery.

To further the magical effect produced by the colored lights, a means for filling the globe with a white vapor is provided. A two-hole rubber stopper, carrying two short glass tubes, is inserted in the neck of the globe as shown. Rubber tubing of a small diameter is led from these tubes through the base to the "smoke" jars and bulbs. The vapor-making apparatus is shown in the upper illustration. It consists of two glass jars, the connecting tubing and two rubber bulbs. One of the latter has an outlet valve in its outer end, while the other is provided with an intake valve.

So knock yourself out and impress all your friends — even if you don't have a Jazz Age laboratory to show off! Just be careful with that ammonium chloride!

Images: Scanned from the November 1925 issue of The Experimenter magazine

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DISCUSSION

Cool. The Experimenter was one of many magazines edited and published by Hugo Gernsback. Hugo was a real character: writer, publisher, inventor, broadcaster, futurist. He is generally credited with starting modern science fiction with magazines like Amazing Stories and Air Wonder Stories. His many electrical and wireless magazines were aimed at the legion of tinkerers, people we'd now call geeks, who were endlessly fascinated by electricity, light bulbs, bells and buzzers, solenoids and spark coils. Hugo is credited as the first to advertise and sell a radio; his 1905 Telimco set featured a spark transmitter and a coherer receiver*. Late in life he made a number of technological predictions, many of which have come to pass. Below is his mockup of a visor tv, instantly identifiable today as an VR headset.

*this primitive device that would send a single "dit" across a room cost over $200 in today dollars. Compare that to your smartphone which costs about the same.